Gender parity for reducing inequalities (SDG 10)
Why do we need to look at reducing inequalities from a gender lens?
- Globally women earn 24% less than men, with varied gaps between countries.
- They are also more likely than men to be in vulnerable employment, with up to 75% of women’s jobs being informal or unprotected in developing countries.
- Worldwide, 83% of domestic workers are women with most not legally entitled to a minimum wage.
How is reduced inequalities and gender-linked?
- SDG 10 recognizes the linked objectives of gender and social equity in target 10.1 (accelerated income growth for the poorest); target 10.3 (equal opportunities); and target 10.4 (to support greater equality).
- Acute impact of income inequality falls on women who are already disadvantaged. With less income and fewer assets than men, women, particularly single-mother households, are more likely to live below 50% of median income.
- Evidence suggests that inequality between women and men in a household is a strong contributing factor to overall income inequality in society.
- The poorest people overall earn less when women earn less. In 2016, UN Women reported that household inequality between women and men may account for up to 30% of all income inequality.
What outcomes can we achieve in SDG 10 if we reach gender parity?
- In spite of more women being in the workforce, in politics, in leadership roles, breaking stereotypes and societal taboos, gender discrimination makes women prone to deeper disparities.
- Gender inequalities in health, education and work intersect with multiple discriminations linked to race, ethnicity, caste, religion, location, sexuality, age, class or disability.
- Social norms that treat women as second-class citizens in many cases translate into structural obstacles to progress, such as budgets that do not fund the services women need most.
- Potentially unequal outcomes for women and men must be recognized in all spheres for policy making. Only then can deliberate actions be taken to correct them, within and across countries.